Sexual Health is foundation for physical health-IV   

The other sexually transmitted infections such as human papilloma virus infection which is otherwise called: HPV, is an infection that causes warts in various parts of the body including genitalia depending on the strain. Genital warts also called condyloma acuminatum, a small bumps on the genitals caused by a common sexually transmitted infection.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). Many people with HPV don’t develop any symptoms but can still infect others through sexual contact. Symptoms may include warts on the genitals or surrounding skin. There’s no cure for the virus and warts may go away on their own. Treatment focuses on removing the warts. A vaccine that prevents the HPV strains most likely to cause genital warts and cervical cancer is recommended for boys and girls.

Many types of HPV affect the mouth, throat, or genital area. They’re easy to catch. There is no need to have penetrative sex. It is transmitted from any skin-to-skin contact of the genital area vaginal, anal, or oral sex sharing sex toys.  HPV has no symptoms, so victims may not know as they have it. It’s very common. Most people will get some type of HPV in their life. One need not have sexual contact with a lot of people to get HPV. But HPV can be transmitted even for the first time a person has sex. HPV does not cause any problems most of the time. In some people, some types of HPV can cause genital warts and abnormal changes in the cells that can sometimes turn into cancer. HPV types linked to cancer are called high-risk types. cervical, cancer, cancer, penile cancer, vulval cancer, vaginal cancer some types of head and neck cancer one can have HPV for many years without it causing problems even if not been sexually active or had a new partner for many years.

Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite. In women, trichomoniasis can cause a foul-smelling vaginal discharge, genital itching, and painful urination. Men who have trichomoniasis typically have no symptoms. Pregnant women who have trichomoniasis might be at higher risk of delivering their babies prematurely.

Treatment for trichomoniasis is taking an antibiotic — either metronidazole tinidazole or secnidazole. To prevent being infected again, all sexual partners should be treated at the same time. Both wife and husband are to be treated at a time. The risk of infection can be reduced by using condoms correctly every time during intercourse.

Pubic lice, commonly called crabs, are tiny insects found in the genital area. They are a different type of louse from head lice and body lice. Measuring 1/16 inch (1.6 millimeters) or less, pubic lice received their nickname because their bodies resemble tiny crabs. The most common way to get pubic lice is through sexual activity. In children, pubic lice may be found in the eyebrows or eyelashes and can be a sign of sexual abuse. However, it may be possible to catch pubic lice after sharing clothing, bed sheets, or towels with an infected person. Pubic lice feed on blood, and their bites can cause severe itching.

Pubic lice can spread to other areas with coarse body hair, including the: Legs, Chest, Armpits, Beard, or mustache. Treatment includes applying A lice-killing lotion containing 1% permethrin or a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide can be used to treat pubic lice that kill the parasites and their eggs. All sexual partners too must be treated. However, a pubic lice infestation sometimes leads to complications such as Discolored skin, and pale blue spots may develop where pubic lice have been feeding continually. Secondary infections, when itchy lice bites scratch raw, these wounds can become infected. Eye irritation, children who have pubic lice on their eyelashes may develop a type of pink eye (conjunctivitis). To prevent pubic lice infestation, avoid having sexual contact or sharing bedding or clothing with anyone who has an infestation. (to be concluded).