Violence Is Crime, Protest Is Not


(K Krishna Saagar Rao)

Any form of violence in a structured and functional democracy is a crime, but protest is not. In a parliamentary democracy protest and expression of dissent is fundamental to the functioning of a state. In India, the constitution provides for right to free speech and expression. Article 19 (1) (a) provides for Right to Express subject to reasonable restriction. Peaceful protest is a constitutional right in India and it should be used with reasonable restraint.

Few farmer groups have initiated a dissent program for the last two months at the Delhi borders, which were peaceful and democratic until the other day. The conduct of Modi Government was exemplary, which did not consider those protesting as obstructionists. The government has exhibited unprecedented restraint in the last two months, even as protesters blocked the vital roads leading to the national capital. The long-drawn blockades have not just created massive financial losses due to clogged logistics and transportation for many businesses, but also caused serious inconvenience to the general public.

Modi Government has been proactive in engaging with the protesting farmer groups since the initial days of their protest. Over ten lengthy negotiation meetings were organized to thaw out differences and to discuss farmers concerns on the newly reformed farm laws. Senior Ministers like Narendra Singh Tomar and Piyush Goyal were engaging with farmer leaders at all these negotiations.

During multiple engagements with farmer union leaders, Modi government has agreed on many demands raised by farmer groups since November 2020. In fact, every time the government would agree and concede to the farmer unions demands, farmer unions would come up with different demands than stated earlier and keep changing their goal posts. Modi government has been responsible and patient all along. It has even announced few days back, that it was ready to keep the new farm laws on hold for one and half years, till a supreme court directed committee present their report.  None of these concessions from government’s end seem to satisfy farmer groups, who are persisting on complete roll-back of the newly implemented farm laws.

Negotiations don’t work this way. Any legitimate negotiation should lead to a final resolution through concessions from both sides, for a fair outcome. An effective negotiation process should ensure a win-win for both parties in the negotiation, at least it should ensure all parties feel that way eventually. However, the negotiations with farmer groups so far, were unusually one-sided, where government is extending all concessions and farmer unions are extending none. Negotiations like this rarely succeed and culminate in a win-win situation.

As I analyze, below are the three big mistakes made by Farmer Unions, which have led their protests into a wrong-track and a ‘point-of-no-return’.

Protesting farmers reach Red Fort on tractors, hoist flag | Deccan Herald

Violence yeilds zero results: Mahatma Gandhi was a smart protester while he led the freedom fight for India. He has formulated a success formula for protests and coined it as ‘Non-violent protests’, which has found traction to fight a long battle with British for freedom, but also has become a successful model for protests across the world for individual and national rights. Mahatma Gandhi understood very early in time that violence defeats the very purpose of a protest and side-tracks the central objective, and allows the opponent to besmirch.

In a structured democracy, protest is the fundamental instrument of dissent. However, this instrument cannot be used to unleash civic disorder, violence, vandalism and desecration. In a constitutional democracy, where law and order have laws protecting its enforcement, violent protests yield ‘zero results’.

Farmer unions have made a biggest mistake in allowing a peaceful dissent program derail into violence, vandalism and desecration of a national monument and its historic pride. They have actually lost the cause by losing out on their non-violent, peaceful-protest track. More importantly they have lost the massive rising support base, across India for their protest. Most of what they have lost, is irrevocable.

Leadership deficit exposed:  Leadership is all about accountability. It’s about owning up action and its consequences. The unruly episode of mayhem on the Republic Day in Delhi, has exposed lack of credible leadership for the protests.

If agreements are not respected, leadership has no meaning. Modi government has given permission to the farmers tractor-rally despite January 26th being a land mark-national-event. Farmers unions and its leaders [if they are any] should have respected it and carried out their rally peacefully. It would have strengthened their cause, if they actually had any real-cause.

The objective of protest has no co-relation to the unprovoked vandalism and violence by the protesting farmer groups on the Republic Day.

One uncontrolled event is enough to highlight the lack of a sincere and common objective for a protesting group. The protest has visibly been hijacked by anti-social, anti-national, opportunist political and separatist elements. It was there on TV screens all day for every one across the nation to see. The shocking rampage and unprovoked physical attacks on police have exhibited the wrong-tracking of the farmers protest, without any credible leadership leading it in the right direction.

Farmer tractor rally reaches India Gate and Red Fort, just as SFJ wanted

Negotiations can’t continue:  Who should government engage in discussions with in future? Where is the credibility of farmer-union leaders? What is the guarantee of implantation of agreed resolution, when leaders have zero control over protesting groups? These are some questions government will ponder, before they invite anyone for further discussions, as I see.

If protestors lose focus of their core-objective, there is nothing credible to discuss for the other party, in this case the government. Nothing justifies the reason and purpose of the scale of violence and vandalism unleashed by the protestors on that infamous day. The deviant anti-social behavior has no co-relation to the objective of farmers protest in the first place.

The consequences of shunning responsibility are quite expensive for leadership, and farmer union leaders are no exception. Lack of control and accountability lowers the power of leadership.

It is time for the protesting groups to accept the resolution offered in the last negotiation meeting with the central government and return home to re-engage with their occupation, instead of continuing with their protest which has lost its cause, objective, purpose and credibility.(The author is Chief Spokesperson of Telangana State BJP unit & Strategist trainer)