India & Corruption; who is to be blamed? – Part-II

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(MS Shanker)

(……Continued)

Odisha Chief Minister Biju Patnaik resigned in 1965 over corruption charges favoring his own Kalinga Tubes Company.

1970s…..

1971: Nagarwala Scandal – Rs.60 lakhs.

1974: Maruti scandal.

1976: Kuo Oil deal – US $ 200 Mn. Scam linked to Indira Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi.

1980s……

1980: THAL Vaishet project scam – Petroleum minister P C Sethi and K P Unnikrishnan were accused in a scandal where a consultancy contract for the Thal Vaishet project was awarded to a subsidiary of Italian Snamprogetti in violation of laid down norms.

1981: 1) Antulay Trust scandal; 2) The HDW Submarine Purchase Kickback – US$ 100 million.

1982: 1) Cement Scam involving A R Antulay; 2) Fallout of Enron scandal

1983: Lakhubhai Pathak Cheating Scandal.

1985 Fodder scam (₹9.5 billion);

1986: Bofors – US $ 15 Bn contract. The kickbacks involve around Rs.64 crores.

1987 HDW Submarine scandal

1989: St. Kitts Forgery.

1990s….

1990: 1) Air Bus A 320 deal;2) Telephone equipment’s & STC purchases.

1991: Jain Hawala case – Rs. 64 crores.

1992: 1) Rs. 4,000 crores Harshad Mehta securities scam; 2) Palmolein Oil Import Scam; Railway Engines; 3) House allotments; 4) Gold Star/ABFL.

1993: 1) $18 million Hawala bribery scandal; Babanrao Gholap disproportionate-assets case.

1995: 1) JM Bribery; 2) The Fertiliser Import Scam – US$ 330 Million; 3) Sukh Ram Telecom Equipment Scandal; 4) Purulia arms drop; 5) Telgi scam.

1996: 1) Bihar fodder scam – US$ 250 Million; 2) Oil and gas distributorship; 3) Indian Bank loans totaling Rs 1,500 crore to companies without obtaining adequate-collateral-security; 4) Lakhubhai Pathak Paper Pulp Contract Bribery; 1996 disproportionate assets case against Jayalalithaa.

1997: 1) The Telecom Scam – US$ 400 Million; 2) SNC Lavalin scandal; C. R. Bhansali scam (₹11 billion); Fertiliser import scam (₹1.33 billion); Meghalaya forest scam (₹3 billion).

1998 Anubhav Plantations scam.

1999: 1) Kargil Coffingate; 2) UTI Mutual Fund scam – Rs. 4800 crores.

2000s…..

2000: 1) Cricket Match fixing; 2) Telgi Stamp Paper Scam – over US $40 million.

2001: 1) UTI Scam – US$ 1.1 Billion; 2) Rs.1,000 crores Ketan Parekh securities; 2) Barak Missile Scandal; 3) Calcutta Stock Exchange; 4) Tehelka Sting.

2002: Provident Fund scam; Home Trade Scam.

2003: 1) Rs.20,000 crore Telgi Stamp Paper Scam; 2) Taj corridor scandal; Housing and Urban Development Corporation scam; Andhra Pradesh Social Welfare scholarship scam; Uttar Pradesh food grain scam; Haryana teacher-recruitment scam.

2004: Gegong Apang PDS Scam; Taj Co-operative Group Housing Scheme scam (Rs 45 billion); IPO scam; Bihar flood-relief scam (Rs 170 million).

2005: 1) Oil-for-food programme (Natwar Singh); 2) Cash for Querry; 3) MPLAD scam. 4) Scorpene Submarine Scam – Only US$ 4.7 Billion.

2006: 1) Kerala Ice Cream Parlour Scandal; 2) Scorpene Deal Scam; 3) Navy War Room spy scandal; Punjab city-centre project scam (Rs 15 billion); UP Ayurveda scam (Rs 260 million).

2007: Human Trafficking Forged Passport Scam.

2008: 1) Cash For Votes Scandal; 2) 2008 Mumbai Attacks; Hasan Ali Khan money-laundering case; State Bank of Saurashtra scam (Rs 950 million); Army ration-pilferage scam (₹50 billion); Paazee Forex scam (₹8 billion); Cash at judge’s door scam; Power-theft scandal.

2009: 1) Madhu Koda mining scam – US$ 900 Million; 2) Rs.14,000 crore Satyam scandal – biggest corporate scandal till then; Goa special economic zone scam; JVG scam; Rice export scam (₹25 billion); Orissa paddy scam; Sukhna land scam (Darjeeling); Vasundhara Raje Deendayal Upadhyaya Trust land scam; Austral Coke scam (₹10 billion); Gujarat VDSGCU sugarcane scam (₹187 million).

2010: 1) Rs.1,76,000 lakhs crores 2G spectrum and Radia Tapes Controversy; 2) Adarsh Housing Society; 3) Rs. 70,000 crores Commonwealth Games scam; 4) Housing loans; 5) Belekeri port; 6) Lavasa Scandal;

7) UP Food Grain Scam; 8) AP Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Controversy; 9) ISRO-Devas S band Scam; 10) Indian Premier League Cricket Scandals; Andhra Pradesh Emmar scam (₹25 billion); Karnataka land scam; Karnataka housing-board scam (Rs 350 million); Uttarakhand Citurgia land scam; Medical Council of India bribery scandal – Ketan Desai was arrested by CBI on 22 April; Chandigarh booth scam; Odisha illegal-mining scam; Gegong Apang PDS scam (Rs 100 billion).

2011: Hasan Ali Khan owes US$ 11.11 Billion in taxes; Indian Black Money in Swiss Banks;  Reliance Gas scam; Belekeri port scam, estimated loss to the public exchequer at Rs 35,000 crores; Tatra scam (Rs 7.5 billion; National Technical Research Organisation scam (Rs 8 billion); Goa mining scam; Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike scam; Himachal Pradesh housing scam; Pune housing scam; Pune land scam; Orissa pulse scam; Kerala investment scam; Mumbai sales tax fraud; Maharashtra education scam; Maharashtra public distribution system scam; Uttar Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test scam; UP MGNREGA scam; Orissa MGNREGA scam; Indian Air Force land scam; Bihar solar lamp scam; B. L. Kashyap, Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation scam; Assam education scam; Pune ULC scam.

2012: Aadhaar scam; Andhra Pradesh liquor scam; Bengaluru mayor’s fund scam; Bharat Earth Movers housing-society scam; Delhi surgical-glove procurement scam; DIAL Scam (R 1,669.72 billion); Flying Club fraud; Foreign exchange derivatives scam (Rs 320 billion); Girivan land scam; Granite scam in Tamil Nadu (about Rs 160 billion (US$2.0 billion); Haryana forest scam; Himachal Pradesh pulse scam; Indian coal allocation scam; Jalgaon housing scam; J and K Cricket Association scam (about Rs 500 million); J and K PHE scam; J and Kr recruitment scam; J and Kr exam scandal; Karnataka Wakf Board Land Scam; Maharashtra stamp duty scam (Rs 6.4 billion); Maharashtra land scam; Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority repair scam (Rs 1 billion); Maharashtra Irrigation Scam (about ₹720 billion); Ministry of External Affairs gift scam; MSTC gold-export scam (Rs 4.64 billion); Nayagaon, Punjab land scam; NHAI allegations – The World Bank’s Institutional Integrity Unit identified fraud and corruption, requesting an investigation; NHPC cement scam; Patiala land scam (Rs 2.5 billion); Punjab paddy scam (Rs 180 million); Ranchi real-estate scam; Service Tax and Central Excise fraud (Rs19,000 crore); Tax refund scam(Rs 30 million);Taxpayer identification number scam; Toilet scam; UP NRHM scam; Ultra Mega Power Projects scam – The central government lost Rs 290.33 billion (US$3.6 billion) due to undue benefits to Reliance Power; UP elephant-memorial scam (Rs 1,400 crore); UP horticulture scam (Rs 700 million); UP Labour and Construction Co-operative Federation scam; UP palm tree plantation scam (Rs 550 million); UP seed scam (Rs 500 million); UP stamp duty scam (Rs 1,200 crore);

2013: Virbhadra Singh bribery controversy (₹2.4 crore); MP pre-medical test scam; MP wheat-procurement scam (Rs 4 crore); Arvind and Tinoo Joshi disproportionate-assets case (MP); Delhi-Gurgaon Toll Plaza scam; Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation scam; Haryana seed scam (Rs 5 crore); Directorate General of Civil Aviation “free ticket” scam; Leave Travel Concession scam; Telangana rape victim names & Mother reaction 2019; NSEL case (Rs 5,500 crore); Railway iron ore freight scam (Rs 17,000 crore); UP illegal sand mining; Vodafone tax controversy (Rs 11,000 crore); Railway bribery scam – The CBI arrested railway minister Pawan Kumar Bansal’s nephew for allegedly accepting a Rs 9 million bribe for a Railway Board member); 2013 Indian Premier League spot-fixing and betting case; 2013: Kerala solar panel scam; Odisha land-allotment scam; 2013 Indian helicopter bribery scandal; MP Scholarship scam; Saradha Group financial scandal: Collapse of a Ponzi scheme run by Saradha Group, a consortium of over 200 private companies believed to be running so-called chit funds); MBBS seats scam – Rasheed Masood was sentenced to four years imprisonment and expelled from the Rajya Sabha; (To be continued…..)