Los Angeles: A billboard on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood screams out a stark warning: “drug-resistant gonorrhea alert!” The words are set against a black background and accompanied by a microscope shot of the gonococcus bacteria, which causes the illness now running rampant in California.
Sexually transmitted diseases have made an alarming resurgence across the United States, where 2016 saw a record two million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, including 628 cases of congenital syphilis.
But California, the most populous US state, stands out for its willingness to tackle the crisis head-on, with cases of the three ailments up 45 percent in 2017 from five years ago.
Thirty babies were stillborn amid 300 reported cases of congenital syphilis, more than in any other US state last year.
“These are incredibly alarming numbers,” said Heidi Bauer, chief of the STD control branch of the California Department of Public Health. She said it amounts to an epidemic.
Congenital syphilis had been essentially eliminated from the United States, as it had in developing countries such as Cuba, Thailand and Moldova in the former Soviet Union, said Jeffrey Klausner of the UCLA school of medicine.
“But you know the fact that congenital syphilis is roaring back in the states and in California is a shameful reminder of our inadequate public health programs,” he said.
The cases of the stillborn babies are 100 percent preventable and this is “a slap in the face,” he added.
Herein the problem seems to lie: the US health system is more reactive than preventive. And there is a lack of prevention and public awareness campaigns in a society in which people do not like to talk about sex.
The striking billboards in Los Angeles are sponsored by an NGO called the AIDS Healthcare Foundation, which aims to prevent or diagnose HIV and provide medical care for those who have it or other sexually transmitted diseases in free clinics.
Another sign about syphilis shows a torso ravaged by open wounds.
The foundation’s president, Michael Weinstein, said the NGO’s campaign has boosted visits to its clinics by 50 percent in Los Angeles.
By comparison, in south Florida, where cities such as Miami Beach or Fort Lauderdale as considered hotbeds of STDs, such campaigns are barred because they are deemed to be bad for tourism.
“You educate, you prevent, you test. You treat. You contact partners,” said Weinstein. “We’re not doing any of those things adequately.” The discouraging figures will keep rising and “the government is not helping,” he warns.
The financial crisis of 2008 — at the time STDs were not of particular concern — led to deep cuts in health care spending, so many clinics shut down.
Add to this an increase in poverty, homelessness, drug use and pregnancies undertaken without proper healthcare — all considered risk factors for congenital syphilis.
California has the world’s fifth largest economy but the budget for fighting STDs is a paltry 20 million, which includes money that comes from the federal government.